Plans-with-tag : Autism-timeline

  • 1956 - Bernard and Gloria’s Rimland’s son, Mark is born. Mark, exhibited challenging behaviours which Rimland self-diagnosed through research as autism.

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  • “1986 Temple Grandin publishes Emergence: Labeled Autistic, her first book about the expereince of having autism. (Donvan and Zucker 2016, p.558)

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  • “1993 Self-advocate Jim Sinclair delivers a speech titled “Don’t Mourn for Us,” marking the birth of a movement for self-advocacy by people with autism. The speech lays the foundation for a philosophy that opposes attempts to cure autism, later dubbed “neurodiversity”. (Donvan and Zucker 2016, p.559)

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  • 2004 Dan Grover and Alex Plank set up Wrong The largest online community for autism. the site includes a chatroom, a forum, and articles describing how to deal with daily issues. (Plank, 2022)

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  • 1801 - Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard (French doctor) documented cases we now recognize as autistic behaviour (Donvan and Zucker, 2016, p.48))

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  • Sancte de Sanctis, Italy. In the field of abnormal child development children were described with what we now recognize as autistic behaviour

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  • The term ‘Autism; from the Greek ‘autos’ meaning self used by Dr Eugen Bleuler, director of Burgholzi Hospital, Zurich.

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  • Dr Lightner Witmer, founder of clinical psychology. A detailed case report of a psychotic child….exhibiting features of what today we would call an autistic child

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  • Dr Grunya Efimovna Sukhareva published an account of “schizoid personality disorder of childhood”.

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  • Late 1920s - Stenoa diagnosed developmental infantile psychosis

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  • On September 9, Donald Triplett is born to Mary and Beamon Triplett of Forest, Mississippi. (Donvan and Zucker, 2016 p.552)

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  • Earl: Studied a group of adolescents who developed ‘catatonic’ behaviour - they had major similarities to what we would call autistic features today.

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  • Leo Kanner’s internationally renowned book “Child Psychiatry” was published. Feinstein notes a ‘brief reference to “autism” - in the sense Bleuler used it - as a disorder of the mother - child relationship.” (Feinstein, 2010, p.22)

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  • “Hans Asperger, an Austrian pediatrician, delivers a talk at Vienna’s University Hospital describing boys seen in his clinic who exhibit social deficit combined with strong intelligence. Influenced by Bleuler’s use of autistic, he borrows the term to identifya syndrome he calls autistic psychopathy. It is the first time it is used in its modern sense.” (Donvan and Zucker, 2016 p.554)

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  • “1943 - Leo Kanner publishes “Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact,” the clinical account of eleven children that will lead to the recognition of autism as a distinct syndrome.” (Donvan and Zucker, 2016 p.554)

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  • “1944 - Hans Aspberger publishes his postgraduate thesis, “Die ‘Autistischen Psychopathen’ Im Kindesalter.” Largely overlooked for most of the next four decades, iot will lead to the recognition of Asperger’s syndrome.

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  • “1942 In a letter to Mary Triplett, Leo Kanner theorizes that Donald and several other children with similar behaviors have a disorder not previously recognized. Like Asperger, he too borrows the word “autistic” from Bleuler, calling this new disorder “Autistic Disturbances of Affective Contact.” (Donvan and Zucker, 2016 p.554)

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  • 1949 - Bergman and Escalona noted ‘unusual responses to the sensory environment in children’ (Feinstein, 2010, p.49) ...[and offered the first version of a sensory hypothesis]

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  • 1949 Jeanne Simons, Belgian born. Feinstein writes : She “started work with the first group of autistic children in Children’s House in Washington…” (Feinstein, 2010, p.50)

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  • Child Psychologist: Dr Carl Fenichel who founded the League Treatment Centre, Brooklyn, NY. Fenichel always believed autism had a biological cause. (Feinstein, 2010, p.52)

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  • 1956 - Kanner became irritated by how his term was being abused, so much so that he ‘decided to narrow the criteria for early infantile autism to two main ones: aloneness and obsessive desire for sameness, removing the language abnormalities. (Feinstein, 2010, p.47)

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  • 1956-7 - A number of studies of autistic twins points to what B.Rimland will say points to ‘the biological etiology of the disease’ (Feinstein, 2010, p.48)

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  • 1959 - Lauretta Bender, ‘....was an old-fashioned psychiatrist’ (Feinstein, 2010, p.43). Working at Bellevue Hospital, NY. She treated schizophrenic and autistic patients with electric shock treatment and LSD.

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  • 1961. Music Therapy: Dr Paul Nordoff and Dr Clive Robbins....As an experienced composer and gifted pianist, Nordoff brought new resources and techniques to meet the special needs of a wide range of disabled children. (Feinstein, 2010, p.102)

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  • “1961 - British child psychiatrist Mildred Creak publishes “Nine Points,” an attempt to define the criteria for diagnosing “Schizophrenic Syndrome in Childhood,” one of many competing descriptions for clusters of autistic traits.” (Donvan and Zucker, 2016, p.555)

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  • In the 1966 - Uta Frith, 'came to make her own journey out to the [Sybil Elgar School] on florence Road, to carry out an experiemnt whose reuslts would rank among the most intriguing and influential of its era.' (Donvan and Zucker, 2016, p.289)

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